Home Actions Greece

Main actions implemented in the Greek project area included:

  • Stakeholder Analysis: The overall approach CALLISTO has adopted in the frame of stakeholder analysis builds on actor dynamics and social network analysis as well as the tool of alternative dispute resolution. The Greek version of the template that was used for the analysis built on the accepted approach and specifies certain areas of special interest for Greek protected areas, namely, the need for undertaking intra- and inter- stakeholder round-table discussions to reach consensus on the issue of large carnivore conservation;
  • Analysis of attitudes about coexistence with large carnivores: Opinion polls have been made among interest groups using a questionnaire adapted for the Greek particularities and needs. The questionnaire comprised several parts, namely: a word association task on targeted species (1), respondents’ knowledge and beliefs on targeted species (2), respondents’ knowledge and beliefs on damage caused by targeted species (3) as well as damage prevention measures (4), investigation of encounters with targeted species (5), social networks dealing with targeted species (6), consensus estimates on participation in conservation of targeted species (7) as well as financial support of compensation programmes concerning targeted species (8), the socio-demographic profile of the sample (9);
  • Preliminary damage assessment: In Greece, CALLISTO used both a questionnaire survey (dissemination of a questionnaire through interviews and visits to farmers) and data collection from competent authorities (the National Organization for Farmers’ Insurance - “ELGA” keeps systematic records on all declared and indemnified cases of bear damage at a country scale);
  • Assessment of the distribution and numbers of bears: Systematic recording of signs of bear presence and activity such as faeces, footprints, tree marking, and presence of females with young. Mortality cases were also thoroughly evidenced;
  • Stakeholder consultation and involvement: Besides the organisation of workshops with the participation of representatives of the local stakeholder groups, a small "project office" operates within the premises of the local Development Company "KENAKAP";
  • Development of a network of livestock guarding dog breeders and of livestock breeders: The Greek government is planning to support financially the use of high-quality livestock guarding dogs in the future. This has been included into the new Agri-environment measures for the period 2007-2013. The implementation of this action in Greece has acted as a preliminary one for the successful implementation of the relevant Agri-environment measure in the future;
  • Operation of a Bear Emergency Team: In Greece, the developed Bear Emergency Team consists of a four member team comprising one veterinarian, one veterinarian assistant and two bear experts. It operates sharing technical and financial resources with another LIFE+ project (PINDOS/GREVENA - LIFE07 NAT/GR/000291), in which CALLISTO participates also. This project is implemented in parallel, at Grevena Prefecture. The distance between the two project areas allowed marginally the operation of one team in both areas, which yielded the optimum combination in cost/benefit terms and a clear synergy between the two projects. The Greek BET in the LIFE EX-TRA project operates at zero cost for personnel;
  • Public awareness campaign: An information campaign about optimal management techniques targeted the relevant stakeholder groups within the target areas, especially livestock raisers and farmers. In Greece, the Project has been presented twice (2010 and 2012) at the national fair “AGROTICA”, Thessaloniki, which addresses agriculture professionals. CALLISTO has participated at the fair with a special kiosk. Exhibits about livestock guarding dogs and of electric fences as damage prevention tools have been produced and posters have been presented about large carnivores, their management and coexistence with the agricultural world. Several meetings have also been organized for agriculture professionals, aiming at facilitating communication between agriculture professionals and cohabitation experts.
Credits: Armin Riegler


Credits: Armin Riegler


Credits: Callisto


Credits: Iliana Bousiaki


Credits: Callisto


Credits: Fotis Anastasiadis