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Newsletter 2011

by Annette Mertens

One of the main aims of the Park Bodies is to get to know the distribution and density of the different wildlife species which live in the protected area. In simpler terms, they try find out how many animals there are and which areas they visit. This is necessary so as to be able to manage the territory in a way which safeguards the rarest and most vulnerable species in the most effective way.



by Willy Reggioni

Similarly to what was carried out during the first year of the project, three techniques for monitoring the presence of wolves in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park territory were integrated and applied during the second year as well: snow tracking, induced wolf howling and non-invasive genetic analysis.



by Paolo Salvi

One of the main actions of the LIFE EX-TRA project in the Monti Sibillini National Park is the monitoring of large carnivores. This activity concerns two priority species which are present in the protected area and are considered to be of interest to the European Community: The wolf and the Marsican Brown Bear. The wolf has always been present in the Sibillini Mountains and its stable presence was confirmed beginning in the early 1980s. The Park has been carrying out regular monitoring of the species since 2002 and this has helped to establish that there has been a slight increase in the population present in the area during the last 9 years. The presence of the Marsican Brown Bear on the Sibillini Mountains should, instead, be considered occasional and correlated to the dispersion of young males coming from the distributional area of Lazio and Abruzzo.



by George Predoiu

In Romania wolf and bear monitoring was done using modern techniques such as photo trapping cameras, snow tracking on transects using GPS, and also older techniques such as direct observation at feeding points and passage routes. Although some cases of vandalism (destroying or stealing of cameras) were recorded, both methods proved to be very useful in wolf and bear monitoring. The camera traps were installed in the Dalnic-Moacsa and Herculian-Cormos areas, near fourteen feeding points and passage routes. At least two cameras were installed in each selected location.



by Kostadin Valchev

The activities of the LIFE EX-TRA Project in Bulgaria aim to improve the public attitude towards bears and to make people aware of the main objectives of bear conservation dealing with the problems of biology, ecology and behavior well as human-bear conflict management. Collaboration with the different parties interested is of great importance for the success of this initiative. That is why the Balkani Wildlife Society is working closely with the Ministry of Environment and Water (also a partner of the LIFE EX-TRA Project) and its derived structures – Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water – Smolian, Executive Agency of the Environment, Directorates of the three National parks – “Rila”, “Pirin” and “Central Balkan”, Executive Forest Agency (one of the organizations managing the bears) as well as many local communities located in the project area.



by Yorgos Mertzanis

In the frame of the LIFE-EXTRA project, large carnivore monitoring in Greece focused on the brown bear (Ursus arctos) because it is the only species targeted by the project. The monitoring activities were carried out mainly in the three SCI’s comprised in the project area.